Implantology is the branch of dentistry that deals with dental implants. The purpose of a dental implant is to replace the root of a missing tooth. Implants are cylindrical in shape and their length and diameter varies. To avoid complications, dental implants are made from titanium, a biocompatible material.
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How dental implants are performed at the clinic
To replace a missing root, a dental implant is first inserted into the alveolar bone. After several months, the titanium surface of the implant fuses with the jawbone through a process called osseointegration. Once integrated in the bone, the artificial root is much more stable and resistant than a natural root and a replacement tooth can be attached to the implant.
Dental implants step by step
- A dental exam is performed
- Digital X-rays, photos and 3D bone scans are taken
- Under local anesthetic, the implant is inserted into the jawbone
- The implant is allowed to heal
- Replacement teeth (prosthetics) are made
- A permanent (fixed or detachable) prosthesis is installed
What criteria determine whether someone is a good candidate for dental implants?
We will assess whether dental implants are right for you during your preliminary dental exam. To be eligible for surgery, you must meet three criteria. First, you must be in good general health. Second, you must have healthy and suitable gum tissue. Finally, your bone structure must be large enough to support the implant.
In the event of bone loss in the jaw, we may be able to prescribe a bone graft to enable the insertion of the dental implant. The dental professional will initially perform an oral-dental examination to determine whether this course of action is appropriate in your case.
Benefits of getting a dental implant:
- Helps maintain bone mass
- Improves comfort
- Looks similar to a natural tooth
- Greatly facilitates speaking and chewing
- Improves dental hygiene
Replacement teeth and implantology
Once bone volume is restored and the dental implant is permanently anchored, the visible portion of the missing tooth, known as the crown, can be replaced.
Partial implant-supported prostheses
This category includes prosthetic crowns, whose purpose is to replace a single tooth. It is also possible for patients to have multiple prosthetic crowns in their mouth.
Implant-supported bridges are meant to replace multiple teeth at the same time. Because they are not dependent on adjacent teeth for support, they are sturdier than traditional bridges.
Complete implant-supported prostheses
This dental prosthesis is meant to replace all of the teeth located on one or both dental arches. It is inserted in such a way that only the dentist can remove the prosthesis.
Removable implant-supported prostheses
This type of dental prosthesis can be removed for cleaning. The device may be connected to spherical attachments or a titanium bar enabling removal.
Implantology is the ideal solution for replacing one or more missing teeth. If you are interested in dental implants, speak to Dr. Cyr about your options.